China’s Covid Zero policy is having far-reaching effects on global companies, with automakers, tech firms, fashion houses and even breweries feeling the brunt as the country’s weeks-long lockdowns paralyze major industrial hubs and disrupt supply chains.
More than 180 companies around the world have mentioned terms including “China” and “lockdowns” in their first-quarter earnings calls or financial statements, according to a Bloomberg News analysis of transcripts and filings. It’s a significant jump from fewer than 50 companies in the previous quarter, and the list is still growing as more firms report financial results in the days and weeks ahead.
Toyota Motor Corp, based in Japan:
Lowered May production plan to 700,000 vehicles from 750,000 due to lockdown impact;
Suspended operations of some production lines in Japan from May 16-May 21 because of Shanghai lockdown.
Tesla Inc, based in Texas:
Shanghai plant closed down for three weeks in April. The factory, which typically ships around 60,000 cars a month, delivered only 1,512 vehicles last month;
Logistics issues continued in May.
Honda Motor Co, based in Japan:
Operating profit for the year through March missed estimates due to challenges including China lockdowns and rising energy and material costs;
One of the company’s domestic production lines stopped operation due to Shanghai lockdown;
Expects to see impacts from restrictions to continue through the end of May.
Tata Motors Ltd, based in India:
Challenges including China lockdowns are expected to limit sales volume improvement in the June quarter, potentially resulting in negative free cash flow.
Volkswagen AG, based in Germany:
Lockdowns have put “a lot of pressure” on supply chains, slowed production and temporarily shut operations at suppliers; production is still at low levels in early May;
China’s overall market recorded a decline in the first quarter, with deliveries falling 24%.
Ford Motor Co, based in Michigan:
Has about 50 key suppliers in Shanghai and had to spend “a lot of money” on securing premium freight and other channels to work around restrictions;
Loss in China widened by US$38 million in the quarter, wholesales decreased 15%, revenue fell 32%.
Medical and Health Care
Dentsply Sirona Inc, a dental and medical equipment manufacturer based in North Carolina:
China, which accounted for 5% of 2021 sales, represents more than half the regional headwinds facing the firm;
Impact on sales in March and April to last throughout the year.
Becton Dickinson & Co, a New Jersey-based medical device manufacturer:
Growth in China, its second-largest market, halved last quarter;
Impact of Covid restrictions could linger this quarter.
Danaher Corp, a medical and industrial products manufacturer and services provider based in Washington, DC:
Diagnostics branch saw patient volumes fall in China in the quarter and April, as hospitals locked down and focused on Covid;
Expects a headwind of 2% to 3% on second-quarter revenue growth.
Zai Lab Ltd, a Shanghai-based pharmaceutical company:
Firm likely to see difficulties in the second quarter in China due to “access difficulties” caused by restrictions.
Illumina Inc, a California-based company that produces genetic analysis products:
Firm expects headwinds from China — which accounts for 10% of revenue — to slow growth by 3% in second quarter;
Greater China first-quarter revenue was flat as clinical demand in hospitals was offset by Covid restrictions.
Zimmer Biomet Holdings Inc, an Indiana-based medical equipment manufacturer:
Net sales in Asia Pacific declined 13% last quarter, primarily due to the lockdowns.
Zoetis Inc, a New Jersey-based animal medicines and vaccines developer:
Second-quarter top line to fall slightly from previous quarter as restrictions temporarily pressure day-to-day business in some supply chain activities.
Fashion and Cosmetics
Shiseido Co, a cosmetics brand based in Japan:
Sales in China plunged 21% year-on-year in the quarter mainly due to low store traffic;
Some outlets were shut, while some others had opening hours cut short.
LG Household & Health Care Ltd, a Korean household and personal care products manufacturer:
Beauty businesses struggled to grow in the first quarter due to political and economic challenges in China, which accounts for half the segment’s sales;
Sales of beauty products plunged 40% in the quarter as restrictions battered store traffic and travel retail channels;
“China’s economy faced the worst downward pressure in years due to the Zero-Covid policy,” the company said in a May 11 statement. “The market contraction due to the strengthened lockdown measures in China is still continuing.”
Under Armour Inc, a clothing company based in Maryland:
Store closures and restricted hours in China caused “significant reductions in retail traffic”;
Lockdown measures also affected transportation, causing delivery delays;
Challenges including Covid disruptions saw Asia Pacific revenue plunge 14% in the quarter.
PVH Corp, an apparel company based in New York:
China lockdowns and Hong Kong restrictions led to temporary store closures and pause of online deliveries.
Home, Office and Other Consumer Products
Fujifilm Holdings Corp, a Japanese camera, imaging and document products provider:
Delays in equipment supply and installation for its office solutions business due to partial shutdown of factories in China, tight supply of semiconductors and other parts, as well as logistics disruptions.
Olympus Corp, a Japanese camera and imaging products manufacturer:
Lockdowns, particularly in Shanghai, affected the group’s supply chain and global logistics flows.
Sony Group Corp, a Japanese manufacturer of electronics products:
Cut its PlayStation 5 sales forecast to about 18 million units this fiscal year from a previous estimate of 22.6 million, citing supply-chain complications.
Daikin Industries Ltd, a Japanese air conditioning equipment manufacturer:
Business in China was “greatly affected” by lockdowns in Shanghai and other cities;
Some of the company’s suppliers in China that produce electronic components and semiconductors were out of operation until around April 20;
Distribution centre in Shanghai couldn’t distribute products to dealers across the country.
Monster Beverage Corp, an energy drinks maker based in California:
Net sales in China fell 8.9% in the quarter.
Budweiser Brewing Co Apac Ltd, based in Hong Kong:
Firm was “disproportionately impacted” in March, with sales volume declining 4.3%, as the company has a strong presence in provinces most affected by lockdowns;
The firm, which has about 30 breweries across China, didn’t see significant supply chain disruptions as they are located close to its wholesalers;
A couple of operations are running on the so-called closed loop environment, where workers are shuttled between factories and on-site or nearby accommodation each day instead of returning to their residences.
Industrial Materials, Components
Minebea Mitsumi Inc, a Japanese manufacturer of parts and devices for telecommunications, aerospace, automotive and household electrical appliance industries:
Missed operating income forecast in the electronic devices and components segment for the year through March, mainly due to shutdown of some plants in China and shortage of semiconductors;
Shanghai factory production was particularly impacted in April and May.
Microchip Technology Inc, an Arizona-based semiconductor maker:
Supply chain partners and some customers were “adversely impacted” in March, April and May;
Had to redirect manufacturing activities and sourcing to other locations not affected by the lockdowns.
Mettler-Toledo International Inc, an Ohio-based weight measuring equipment supplier:
Its business and supply chain could be significantly affected, including Shanghai’s lockdown, where the company conducts manufacturing and some other businesses.
Celanese Corp, a Texas-based chemical and specialty materials producer:
Plant near Shanghai was shuttered for a few weeks; some employees were locked down and had to work from home;
While able to cover the affected production elsewhere, the firm saw more impact from problems around warehouses and logistics because materials weren’t getting in or out of ports in Shanghai.
Micro-Star International Co, a Taiwanese computer parts manufacturer:
One Chinese subsidiary suspended operations from April 8 and only resumed recently.
Novatek Microelectronics Corp, a Taiwanese circuit manufacturer:
Lockdowns in major Chinese cities have impacted demand for the firm’s products and disrupted its supply chain.
SCG Packaging PCL, based in Thailand:
Strict lockdowns in major cities led to disruptions at several seaports, factories and also in the supply chain;
Packaging paper exports declined because of China’s economic slowdown.
Fuji Seiki Co, a Japanese manufacturer of plastic molds and moldings systems:
Delayed filing its first-quarter earnings report amid Shanghai lockdown;
Employees at its Shanghai unit haven’t been able to go to work since April 1 and so weren’t able to prepare a financial statement for March.
Aptiv Plc, an Ireland-based vehicle components manufacturer:
Locked down areas include regions where the company has operations, causing production interruptions which adversely affected sales and profitability.
Parker-Hannifin Corp, an Ohio-based manufacturer of motion control products:
Had a number of facilities fully shut down in China, resulting in an estimated US$100 million impact on sales in the June quarter.
Air Products & Chemicals Inc, a Pennsylvania-based manufacturer of gases:
Restrictions have modestly impacted customer demand and plant efficiency, as well as increased supply chain costs;
“We are very concerned about the potential impact of Covid-related restrictions in China” for the second-half, Chief Executive Officer Seifi Ghasemi said on a May 5 call.
Waters Corp, a Massachusetts-based provider of liquid chromatography products and services:
Lockdowns could have negative impact on sales growth if restrictions continue for a prolonged period.
Ingersoll Rand Inc, a North Carolina-based firm which makes compression equipment:
Shanghai distribution center affected, although the plant has recently been allowed to resume work;
The company, which relies on China for roughly 15% of sales, is taking “a prudent view” for the coming quarters.
Nidec Corp, a manufacturer of small precision motors for commercial and industrial products:
Sales of small precision motors declined sharply, with estimated lost revenue of about US$47 million;
Impact was particularly large at the end of March, because it had to close its factory for almost a week;
Supply chain was “completely frozen” due to the closure; couldn’t make many big, last-minute sales in March.
TE Connectivity Ltd, a Pennsylvania-based manufacturer of electronic components for the telecommunications, automotive, computer and aerospace industries:
Lockdowns in China, which accounts for about 20% of sales, to lead to a headwind of about 3% on June-quarter sales;
Factories in China aren’t operating at full production, and has encountered problems delivering products to customers.
General Electric Co, a Massachusetts-based manufacturer of components for aircrafts, cars and energy industries:
Hit both from demand and output perspectives last quarter, particularly by Shanghai lockdown.
Avery Dennison Corp, a California-based maker of tickets, tags and labels:
Shanghai lockdown could reduce materials business revenue by about US$20 million.
Logistics and Shipping
Expeditors International of Washington Inc, a logistics company based in Washington:
The pandemic, including China lockdowns, disrupted supply chains which significantly affected operations and financial results;
Seeing more vessels anchored at port, further reducing capacity and increasing dwell times at destination.
Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd, a Florida-based cruise company:
Has redeployed ships planned for China, which remains closed to cruising.