JohnD0ugh

JohnD0ugh | Joined since 2022-06-05

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47 minutes ago | Report Abuse

The share price of icapital.biz Bhd (ICA) has surged 58.45% in the 12-month ending 12 Jun 2024. This has greatly outpaced the MSCI Malaysia Index which has gained only 14.18% over the same period. It has also exceeded the 34.02% jump in the NAV of ICAP during the same 12 months. After this nice rise, what should investors or shareowners do next ? Sell, hold on or should investors actually buy more ICAP shares ?

As at Jun 2024, Tan Teng Boo has not changed his bullish views of the KLSE and of ICAP. So, despite the nice increase in ICAP's share price and NAV, there is a lot of upside potential for both these variables. An excellent time to buy is now or when City of London (COL) and its gang of bullies are hastily selling.

In the 2nd half of May 2024, COL and its gang of bullies sold hundreds of thousands of ICAP shares. As a result, the share price of ICAP was pushed down from RM3.44 on 14 May 2024 to RM3.16 as at 31 May 2024, breaking its rising trend. In less than 2 weeks, ICAP's share price fell 8.13%.

The NAV of ICAP on 14 May was RM4.17. By 31 May 2024, it went up to RM4.35. As a result of COL and its gang of bullies hastily selling (intentionally?), the NAV discount of ICAP widened from 17.51% to 27.36% in about two weeks.

There are a few lessons to take away from this episode.

First and foremost, it is so easy for a single large investor to manipulate the share price of a listed collective investment scheme like ICAP and hence its NAV-share price differential. The share price plunged 8.13% while ICAP'S NAV jumped from RM4.17 to RM4.35. The Malaysian regulators need to urgently revise and tighten the rules and regulations surrounding such investment products.

Secondly, the financial year of ICAP ends on 31 May each year. The hasty selling started shortly before 31 May and ends on 31 May. To manipulate the NAV-share price differential and hence to widen the discount ? To push down the share price performance of ICAP for its 2024 financial year, which ends on 31 May 2024?

Lastly and most importantly, when COL and its gang are selling, it is an excellent time for investors to buy ICAP shares. It is likely that they will be selling more ICAP shares in the future, whether properly or improperly. Grab them as the day will come when their selling dries up. When this happens, do not be surprised when ICAP trades at a premium to its NAV again. This has happened before - from Oct 2005 to 2008 when ICAP was unanimously owned by individuals.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 38

Stock

1 week ago | Report Abuse

On 3rd Nov 2023, the KLCI closed at 1,449. On 5th Nov 2023, Tan Teng Boo gave his rare bullish outlook for the KLCI, where he predicted that the KLCI would hit 2,500 to 3,000 points in the next 3 to 5 years.

Since his presentation at the 2023 Investor Day, the KLCI has rallied around 170 points. If Tan Teng Boo's prediction is correct, the KLCI still has a long way to go.

This provides an excellent reason why he keeps recommending investors to buy icapital.biz Berhad, the perfect stock to hold for a prolonged bull market.

Nevertheless, no rally goes up in a straight line. The predicted 3 to 5-year bull market for the KLCI will be interrupted with small and big corrections. In fact, it is undergoing a small one at the moment.

Tan Teng Boo advises that the best stock to invest in such a confusing environment is icapital.biz Berhad especially when its share price is correcting now.

Besides, icapital.biz Berhad with the most innovative dividend policy in the world, still has over RM80 mln cash.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 38

Stock

2 weeks ago | Report Abuse

icapital.biz Berhad is a Malaysia-focused fund, with an objective of long-term capital appreciation based on the Bamboo value investing philosophy of Capital Dynamics. It is not allowed to sell short, invest in derivatives or undertake any borrowings.

When Charlie Munger came to Berkshire Hathaway in the late Sixties, Warren Buffett was still investing the way his mentor, Benjamin Graham, had taught him - to invest in cheap, cigar butt type of companies.

When Munger arrived at Berkshire, he swayed Buffett away from Graham’s philosophy towards investing in quality companies at reasonable prices. Buffett did this with great success.

“It is remarkable how much long-term advantage people like us have gotten by trying to be consistently not stu pid, instead of trying to be very intelligent,” said Charlie Munger.


i Capital.biz Berhad 4Q2019 Report

Stock

3 weeks ago | Report Abuse

Since 2010, Capital Dynamics and icapital biz Berhad have been spending a huge amount of money to organise the annual Investor Day for the benefit of the individual investors. The expenses typically add up to more than RM1 min, without being charged a single cent by Capital Dynamics for organising this huge and exhausting event. If a crowd of 2,000 people turn up, the cost per person will easily be RM500 and more.

To ensure that the people who register for the Investor Day actually turn up, a commitment fee of RM50 per person is imposed. To attend the Investor Day, the participant does not have to pay any other charges - only RM50. In short, if 2,000 attend the Investor Day, Capital Dynamics and icapital.biz Berhad have to bear the losses of at least RM450 per person or RM900,000 in total just for one year's event.

The contents in the Investor Day of icapital.biz Berhad are always top quality. Take the 7 corporate presentations in the 2023 Investor Day, held on Sunday, 5th Nov at the KLCC. Any investor who listened to the 7 corporate presentations and invested in the 7 stocks the day after the Investor Day would have all made good profit. Take a good look below.

[1] APM
The share price of APM on 6 Nov 2023 was RM2.09. After that, it jumped to a high of RM3.12. The vertical red line in the chart marks 2023 Investor Day.

[2] EUPE
The share price of EUPE on 6 Nov 2023 was RM0.88. After that, it jumped to a high of RM1.68

[3] HIBISCUS
The share price of Hibiscus on 6 Nov 2023 was RM2.68. After that, it reached a high of RM2.92. Among the 7 stocks, the price performance of Hibiscus has been affected by the flattish crude oil price.

[4] KELINGTON
The share price of Kelington on 6 Nov 2023 was RM1.52. After that, it more than doubled and reached a high of RM3.06

[5] MKH
The share price of MKH on 6 Nov 2023 was RM1.28. After that, it reached a high of RM1.43 and shareholders of MKH receive 1 share of MKH Oil Palm for free for every 7 MKH shares held. The share price of MKH Oil Palm reached RM0.65 upon its listing.

[6] OCK
The share price of OCK on 6 Nov 2023 was RM0.40. After that, it reached a high of RM0.65

[7] UNISEM
The share price of Unisem on 6 Nov 2023 was RM3.14. After that, it reached a high of RM4.18.

[8] ICAPITAL.BIZ BERHAD
The share price of icapital.biz Bhd on 6 Nov 2023 was RM2.78. After that, it reached a high of RM3.47.

An investor who attended the 2023 Investor Day and invested in all the 8 stocks after that would have achieved a 100% success. The share prices of the 8 stocks all rose after the 2023 Investor Day of icapital.biz Berhad. For this, the investor has to pay only a RM50 commitment fee.

In addtion to the 8 profitable stocks, the investor also gets to hear the accurate and bullish presentation of Tan Teng Boo, the managing director of Capital Dynamics. The KLCI closed at 1,464 on 6 Nov 2023 and it is now trading above 1,620.

It is now only May. However, it is never too early to mark it down in your diary for the 2024 Investor Day, Make plans NOW to attend Asia's most innovative investment event. Tell your family, your colleagues and friends early.

Is the Investor Day too good to be true ? The simple answer is, yes it is. It is too good to be true but it will be too foolish to miss attending the Investor Day.

Organising the annual Investor Day is part of Tan Teng Boo's heartfelt efforts to help the indvidual Malaysians invest soundly and have a better life. The Investor Day is not a profit making event. Make sure you are not scammed by the many scammers out there, just waiting to prey on you.

The 2024 Investor Day of icapital.biz Bhd will be held at the KLCC again on Sunday, 27th Oct 2024. There will certainly be a commitment fee to pay.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 36

Stock

4 weeks ago | Report Abuse

For Malaysians who have been crying over the weakening Ringgit and rising cost of living, they have right in front of their eyes a precious Malaysian listed fund that has not only offered them currency protection but also superior wealth creation.

Despite a very tough and turbulent environment, icapital.biz Berhad has achieved a very strong performance with its share price outperforming the MSCI Malaysia in US$ by a huge margin in the last 1-year and 3-year periods.

The share price of icapital.biz Berhad has also outperformed the S&P 500 and NASDAQ, two top performing indices dominated by AI stocks like Nvidia, Meta, etc , in US$ in the same 1-year and 3-year periods.

This very strong performance of icapital.biz Berhad in US$ terms certainly did not happen by chance. It is the result of the persistent hard work and heart work put in over the years by Capital Dynamics and myself as the Designated Person of icapital.biz Berhad.

It is also a result of your Fund Manager and Designated Person patiently and deliberately sticking to its time-proven Bamboo value investing philosophy, despite being continuously badgered and disrupted by one or two foreign wrecking balls.

icapital.biz Berhad still has around RM80 million cash. With Capital Dynamics’ time-proven value investing philosophy, and icapital.biz Berhad still undervalued, it remains an excellent time to invest more in this truly low-risk, high-return investment.

A jump of 49.3% in its share price as the Malaysian stock market plunged nearly 18% in the last 3 years is indeed low risk and high return.


i Capital.biz Berhad 3Q2024 Report

Stock

1 month ago | Report Abuse

What will be the target price of icapital.biz Berhad 3 to 5 years from now ? There are two possible positive outcomes.

[1]. Assume NAV of icapital.biz Berhad doubling from RM3.93 – to around RM7.86 in 5 years. If its share price equals the NAV of RM7.86 then, it will rise by RM4.81 or 158% from RM3.05 nowadays. If its share price then trades at a say a conservative 10% premium to its NAV, as the Malaysian stock market will then be in a bullish mood, its share price will equal to RM8.65 – a rise of RM5.60 or 184% from RM3.05 now.

[2]. The NAV of icapital.biz Berhad has in the past outperformed the KLSE by 6 percentage points per annum. So, if this pattern repeats and the KLCI doubles in 5 years, the NAV of icapital.biz Bhd in 5 years’ time will be RM10.19. Assume its share price trades at a 10% premium to its NAV, the share price of your Fund will trade at RM11.21 – a jump of RM8.16 or 267% from RM3.05 nowadays.

In short, the expected share price of icapital.biz Berhad in 3 to 5 years’ time will double to either RM7.86 or rally to RM11.21, a gain of RM8.16.

The above performance has not included potential contribution from the dividend policy of icapital.biz Berhad.
In the past, when nearly all the shareowners of icapital.biz Berhad were individuals, its share price traded at a premium to its NAV. In the coming years, I pray that this can be repeated so that your Fund can finally restore its real value. In that context, I would like to make a plea to the few recalcitrant investors (for the lack of a better term to describe them) not to act disruptively and destructively.


i Capital.biz Berhad 3Q2024 Report

Stock

1 month ago | Report Abuse

In the Investor Day of icapital.biz Berhad held on 5th Nov 2023, I gave a radical bullish presentation on Malaysia’s longer term investment outlook.

In the midst of a recovery from the pandemic, worsening global geopolitical tensions, widespread political turmoil, soaring inflation, volatile exchange rates and extreme climate patterns, my simple advice 6 months ago was that now is the right time to invest in Malaysia and that icapital.biz Berhad is the best stock to invest in.

I continue to maintain these positive views.

My presentation was titled “Why Now is the Right Time to Invest in Malaysia.” The main reasons for my well-timed bullishness were China’s strong economic recovery, Malaysia’s new found political stability and the lack of a demoralising opposition.

What about the future performance of icapital.biz Berhad? First, let me very clear. icapital.biz Berhad will perform strongly in terms of its NAV and share price. Why?

I expect the KLCI to rise to 2,500 to 3,000 over the next 3 – 5 years. In such a situation, ICAP’s share price will jump. With the KLCI rallying, the NAV and share price of your Fund will rise together, and after many decades, there will be widespread bullish investor sentiment in the Malaysian stock market.

Moreover, the cash holdings of icapital.biz Berhad has fallen substantially in recent years, positioning your Fund for a strong growth in its NAV and share price. In addition, icapital.biz Berhad now offers the most innovative dividend policy In the world.

In such a future, it is reasonable to expect that icapital.biz Berhad’s NAV will more than double in 5 years – in the past, icapital.biz Berhad’s NAV has outperformed the KLCI by a big margin. In such a bullish market, ICAP’s discount will also disappear and a premium will arise.


i Capital.biz Berhad 3Q2024 Report

Stock

1 month ago | Report Abuse

The NAV of icapital.biz Berhad, in absolute amount, is now more than RM550 million. It is time for Bursa Malaysia to include icapital.biz Berhad as a component stock of the KLCI.

With new infections in Malaysia falling, along with the re-opening of the Malaysian economy and RM210 over million cash in reserve, its NAV is expected to rise further. Will its share price follow suit ?

As its fund manager, my investing decisions influence the NAV performance of icapital.biz Berhad. On the other hand, the market price of icapital.biz Berhad is, positively or negatively, determined by investors, especially those who breached the 20% single shareholder limit.

Let me reiterate the power of compounding for the long term by quoting from the 2021 Annual Report :
“With icapital.biz Berhad, shareowners get a well-managed fund, founded on integrity, and offers excellent prospects. There is in fact no reason at all to wind it up -- why chop down a bountiful fruit tree before it has matured?”


i Capital.biz Berhad 1Q2022 Report

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1 month ago | Report Abuse

icapital.biz Berhad has always been managed in such a way that its shareowners can sleep soundly at night, knowing their hard earned savings are in good hands.

I have also managed icapital.biz Berhad in such a way that in times of crisis or dire need, icapital.biz Berhad is there for its share owners, witness the special RM28 million Covid Relief dividend.

Not only have I achieved all of the above, icapital.biz Berhad has also delivered superior returns to its shareowners and is still boasting a substantial cash-laden war chest.

A well-managed closed-end fund like icapital.biz Berhad is an excellent investment product for individual investors, especially during tumultuous times like now.

However, after so many decades, there is still only one listed closed-end fund on Bursa Malaysia. The London, Sydney and New York stock exchanges abound with closed-end funds.

For Bursa Malaysia to have the same percentage as London for example, the Malaysian stock market should see more than a hundred and thirty closed-end funds listed, instead of just one.

icapital.biz Berhad is without doubt a precious investment. Do not let any investor who refuses to be a share owner destroy such a rare gem.


i Capital.biz Berhad 3Q2022 Report

Stock

2 months ago | Report Abuse

The performance of icapital.biz Berhad has been outstanding, not just in terms of its NAV but also its share price over many years.

Whether it is low inflation or high inflation, whether it is rising or falling interest rate, icapital.biz Berhad has consistently delivered superior returns to its shareowners and is still boasting of a substantial cash-laden war chest.

Let me recapitulate a fundamentally important point. A well-managed closed-end fund like icapital.biz Berhad is an excellent investment product for individual investors, especially during tumultuous times like now.

However, after so many decades, there is sadly still only one closed-end fund listed on Bursa Malaysia. The world-class London, Sydney and New York stock exchanges abound with hundreds of closed-end funds. Their investors have so many choices in terms of investment products.


i Capital.biz Berhad 4Q2022 Report

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2 months ago | Report Abuse

An airstrike on the Iranian embassy's compound in Damascus Syria killed seven Iranian officers on Monday, 1st Apr 2024. One of Iran's top soldiers, Brigadier General Mohammad Reza Zahedi, a senior commander in the Revolutionary Guard (IRGC) was killed. Blamed by Iran on Israel, the attack was a rare military strike on diplomatic premises anywhere in the world and marked a significant escalation in the Middle East crisis.

Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has vowed revenge. The airstrike on Iran's embassy is a serious escalation of the Israel-Palestine crisis since the eruption of the Israel-Palestine Crisis in Oct last year. The most urgent impact is on crude oil price.

Crude oil price has been rising in recent months, due to both supply and demand factors. The Middle East Crisis and the Ukrainian Crisis have both impacted supply, in addition to the output cut by OPEC+. Demand has also held up well. Crude oil price is now at a critical juncture and looks poised to rally further . Its monthly MACD is turning bullish at its crucial zero-line.

A surge to test its previous high of US$145-150 per barrel or higher is likely. All it needs is a little matchstick to flare up the many tinderboxes, created by the United States. A surge in crude oil price in 2024 will make US monetary policy very complicated. It will quickly bring back soaring US inflation and the US economy and stock markets will crash. For the United States, it will be a well-deserved self-inflicted wound.

For now, i Capital retains its immediate-term outlook of the KLCI at a range of 1,460 to 1,600. See Stop Press for the latest. Subject to developments in the Middle East, i Capital is retaining its short-term outlook of the KLCI at a range of 1,400 to 1,900. Two issues ago, the medium-term and long-term outlook of i Capital was revised to 2,500 - 3,000.

In such an uncertain market, the best stock to invest in is icapital.biz Berhad.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 31

Stock

2 months ago | Report Abuse

“To solve a problem, you need to remove the cause, not the symptom," said Liezi. Apart from Laozi and Zhuangzi, Liezi was also one of the most significant Daoist thinkers who lived in ancient China.

Solving a problem demands handling the root cause and not just the symptoms; the NAV discount is just a symptom of the underlying problem that your Fund needs the right type of shareowners, which it had for many years before the wrong type came in and caused the NAV discount to surface and persist.

By increasing your Fund's individual share ownership, we are addressing the root cause and finding a more lasting solution. Once again, do not let any investor who refuses to think and act like a share owner destroy a precious gem like your Fund.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2Q2023 Report

Stock

2 months ago | Report Abuse

In a bullish Malaysian stock market, what is the best stock to invest in ?

icapital.biz Bhd is the best stock to invest in - A Low Risk, High Return stock. Why?

First, the performance of icapital.biz Bhd has been spectacular. Even when measured in US$ terms.

On a one-year basis, from 1 Mar 2023 to 29 Feb 2024, the share price of icapitalbiz Bhd jumped 34.07%, while the MSCI Malaysia fell 1.1%. In the same period, the S&P 500 rose only 28.36%. The NASDAQ Composite with Nvidia, Meta, etc rose 40%.

On a three-year basis, from 1 Mar 2021 to 29 Feb 2024, the share price of icapital.biz Bhd jumped 29.78%, while the MSCI Malaysia plunged 20.41%. In the same period, the S&P 500 rose 33.7% but the NASDAQ Composite with Nvidia, Meta, etc rose only 21.98%.

In short, on a one-year or 3-year comparison, icapital.biz Bhd's share price has performed better than either the S&P500 or NASDAQ Composite in US$ terms.

What about the future performance of icapital.biz Bhd ?

icapital.biz Bhd will perform strongly in NAV and share price. Why? The KLSE will be rallying, its NAV and share price will rise together, and there will be bullish investor sentiment. Cash holdings of icapital.biz Bhd has fallen substantially in recent years. In addition, icapital.biz Bhd now offers the Most Innovative Dividend Policy In The World.

With the KLSE expected to rally over the next 3 - 5 years, in such a situation, ICAP's share price will jump. Why?
icapital.biz Bhd's NAV will more than double in 5 years - in the past, icapital.biz Bhd's NAV has outperformed the KLCI by a big margin. In such a bullish market, ICAPs discount will also disappear and a premium will arise.

What will be the target price of icapital.biz Bhd 5 years from now?

[1]. Assume its NAV doubling from RM3.93 - to around RM7.86 in 5 years. If its share price equals the NAV of RM7.86 then, this will be a rise of RM4.81 or a 158% rise from RM3.05.

If its share price then trades at a 10% premium to NAV, as the KLSE will be in a bullish mood, it will equal to RM8.65 - a rise of RM5.60 or 184% from RM3.05.

[2]. The NAV of icapital.biz Bhd has in the past outperformed the KLSE by 6 percentage points per annum. So, if the KLCI doubles in 5 years, the NAV of icapital.biz Bhd in 5 years' time will be RM10.19 Assume its share price trades at a 10% premium to NAV, its share price will trade at RM11.21 - a rise of RM8.16 or 267% from RM3.05.

The share price of icapital.biz Bhd in 5 years' time will double to either RM7.86 or rally further to RM11.21.
The above performance has not included the contribution from the Dividend Policy of icapital.biz Berhad. Taking this into account will see even higher returns.

Briefly, the Dividend Policy of icapital.biz Berhad is shown below.

The innovative Dividend Policy of ICAP is an aggregate of:
Base Rate: 1% of NAV per share.
Top-up Rate: 8% of the difference between the share price and NAV per share.
The NAV per share = average of 4 weekly NAVs before dividend payout date.
The share price = volume-weighted average price (VWAP) over 4 weeks before dividend payout date.

The Base Rate dividend now is 1% of its RM3.93 NAV = 3.93 sen. In 5 years' time, with a NAV of RM10.19, the Base Rate dividend will jump to 10.19 sen.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 29

Stock

2024-03-17 13:51 | Report Abuse

In the last quarterly commentary, I explained that despite a very tough and rough environment, icapital.biz Berhad has achieved a very strong performance with its NAV and share price appreciating handsomely. This strong performance has continued since then.

Over a 5-year period, your Fund’s share price has outperformed the gain of its NAV and the plunge in the MSCI Malaysia index. Your Fund’s share price jumped 21.59%, way ahead of the 16.88% rise in its NAV and the 19.88% plunge in the bellwether index.

What shareowners should acknowledge is the fact that the discount of your Fund’s share price has narrowed very substantially from a high of around 40% to only about 20% recently. This did not happen by accident.
It is the result of the hard work and heart work put in over the years by Capital Dynamics and myself as the Designated Person of icapital.biz Berhad.

The substantial narrowing of discount highlights one of the most important benefits of investing in a well-managed closed-end fund like icapital.biz Berhad. It allows an investor to enjoy 2 sources of returns – one from the rise in its NAV and the other, from the discount narrowing.

The strong performance of icapital.biz Berhad is a result of your Fund Manager and Designated Person patiently and deliberately sticking to its time-proven Bamboo value investing philosophy, despite being continuously harassed by a few large foreign wrecking balls.

Although icapital.biz Berhad still has around RM109 million cash, it has been investing more with its cash assets falling steadily.

With Capital Dynamics’ time-proven value investing philosophy, and icapital.biz Berhad still undervalued, it is actually an excellent time to invest more in this truly low-risk, high-return investment. A rise of 21.59% in its share price as the stock market plunges nearly 20% is indeed low risk and high return.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2Q2024 Report

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2024-03-10 18:16 | Report Abuse

I expect China’s economy to expand at another healthy rate in 2024. I am certainly not in the camp that sees China’s economy peaking or in crisis. In fact, when the current reforms are over, I see China’s economy becoming stronger in the coming years.

In 2023, while China’s economic expansion was uneven, it was of high quality, and it was setting the stage for China’s economy not only to expand faster beyond 2024 but for the 2nd largest economy in the world to be on a much stronger footing.

As I wrote in the iconic i Capital publication, “with wise and disciplined leadership, the new Chinese economy will be even more resilient, more robust and dynamic than before.” Like it or not, what happens to China is important to Malaysia.

In 2022, China remained as Malaysia's largest trading partner for 14 consecutive years with 17.1% share of Malaysia’s total trade, expanding by 15.6% to RM487.13 billion compared with 2021. Exports jumped 9.4% to RM210.62 billion and were the highest value ever recorded. China was also Malaysia’s largest import source, accounting for 21.3% of total imports, and jumped 20.7% to RM276.5 billion.

In the 2023 Investor Day of icapital.biz Berhad held on 5th Nov, I gave a rare presentation on Malaysia’s longer term investment outlook. My talk was titled “Why Now is the Right Time to Invest in Malaysia.”

Other than China’s economy propelling ahead, the political stability that Malaysia has been enjoying recently will allow the country to address her many structural problems.

In the midst of the pandemic recovery, geopolitical tensions, political turmoil, soaring inflation, volatile exchange rates and extreme climate, the future seems like a scary place to be in.

My simple advice then was that now is the right time to invest in Malaysia and that icapital.biz Berhad deserve a place in portfolio of investors. I continue to maintain that view.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2Q2024 Report

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2024-03-03 20:30 | Report Abuse

At the beginning, I asked a very vital question - should we still think and focus on the long term. It is very easy to sell an investment. You are told it is never wrong to take a profit or do not get emotional with your investment. Charlie Munger has a simple answer for this question.

"The first rule of compounding: Never interrupt it unnecessarily" - Charlie Munger

Munger's advice is one of the most important principles of compounding and a principle that few investors are aware of. Everyone acknowledges the power of compounding.

If you earn 15% per year for 35 years, you will end up with 133 times your money. Unfortunately, investors forget the arithmetic of this is heavily back-end loaded. After 35 years, you have 133 times; after 20, about 16 times and after 10 years, you have about 4 times. So, you do not want to interrupt that compounding unnecessarily.

You better have a compelling reason to sell a winning investment just because the stock has risen 50% for example. Otherwise, your sale is going to look really expensive years later.

A willingness to see your portfolio value rise, fall, and rise anew is required. You cannot get blown out or abandon ship every time the market has a correction. Otherwise, you interrupt the compounding of your investment, which in this case is icapital.biz Berhad.

The combination of Malaysia entering a new and better era, icapital.biz Berhad being able to hold more investments (although this is a function of stock valuation) and a high quality share ownership structure can produce an exciting future for your Fund's NAV and share price.

In the process, let us build and leave behind an icapital.biz Berhad that will be a role model for Malaysian individual investors, and other listed companies to emulate. This way, we can also do our part to contribute to a better Malaysia.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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2024-02-25 22:02 | Report Abuse

From Oct 2005 to 6 Sep 2023, the MSCI Malaysia index gained 1.84% annually. In the same period, the NAV of icapital.biz Berhad jumped 7.90% annually and its share price compounded 6.61%. This strong performance of your Fund hides many important truths.

To uncover them, let me break this overall performance down into two distinct phases: one with a higher cash level and another with a lower cash level.

From Oct 2005 to Dec 2013 when the cash level of icapital.biz Berhad was lower (it fell to as low at 10.5% in 2009), the NAV of icapital.biz Berhad jumped 14.85% annually and its share price compounded impressively at 11.67% per annum.

In comparison, from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 when the cash level of your Fund was much higher (it rose to an average of 63.4%), its NAV gained only 0.71% per annum and its share price was essentially flat, even though these were still much better than the MSCI Malaysia index.

Then, from Jan 2020 to Sep 2023 when the cash level of your Fund was falling again, (by Sep 2023, it has fallen to 26.4% from over 63% in end 2019), the NAV of icapital.biz Berhad is once again rising at a higher annual compound rate of 5.06%.

What is even more interesting is that its share price has been rising at an even faster pace of 6.73% compounded annually. At this rate of increase, not only will NAV parity appear, but there could hopefully be a premium again. A lot depends on the Fund having the right quality of share owners and the performance of its future NAV.

From day one, icapital. biz Berhad has been very consistent and disciplined with its value investing approach and therefore its asset allocation. When your Fund sees attractive value, it will invest.

Otherwise it will wait even though the Designated Person has been persistently and publicly harassed by a few certain large investors, parties who are not even share owners of your Fund, for strictly sticking to your Fund's value investing philosophy.

In 1985, Buffett has already cautioned:

"You might think that institutions, with their large staffs of highly-paid and experienced investment professionals, would be a force for stability and reason in financial markets. They are not: stocks heavily owned and constantly monitored by institutions have often been among the most inappropriately valued."


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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2024-02-18 20:24 | Report Abuse

The Malaysian stock market has not been performing for a long time (incidentally, based on my 50 plus years of experience, there has been only one sustained Malaysian bull run, from end 1974 to June 1981).

For example, when measured from 2002 to 2022, the Jakarta stock market recorded an impressive 14.58% annual compounded gain. In that same period, Malaysia generated only 3.71%, just a tad ahead of Singapore. If measured from 2009 to 2022, Jakarta stock market still clocked in an impressive annual 12.26% compound gain.

In that same period, Malaysia generated a pathetic 3.88%, even lower than Singapore. The stock markets of Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam also generate much higher returns than Malaysia. Is Malaysia doomed for more of the same ?

From a macro viewpoint, Malaysia's domestic political development has entered a new stage, one which I think promises a better and stable government and hence a better Malaysia. Many Malaysians do not realise that Malaysia's 4th/7th prime minister has had a devastating impact on the country, even when he was not prime minister.

For example, he incessantly attacked prime minister Abdullah Badawi's policies even though most of them made good socio-economic sense to Malaysia and should have been implemented instead of being blocked. Now, thankfully, this extremely wasteful and irresponsible era is coming to an end.

With Malaysia blessed as a country with great and plentiful human talents, the anticipated new era will give birth to a country which will once again be on the right path of fulfilling her potential. I expect the Malaysian stock market to be a beneficiary.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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2024-02-11 17:09 | Report Abuse

Should we still think and focus long term? A short answer is yes. The experience of a still sprightly Mr Yee is very enlightening and inspiring. He was already more than 70 when he first invested in icapital.biz Berhad, at an age where others would have quit.

Before one knows it, almost 19 years have whisked by. I am now 69 and by the time I reach 89, icapital.biz Berhad will have been around for another 20 years. As your Fund's Designated Person, I see a very attractive future ahead for icapital.biz Berhad.

First, after its 2005 inception, icapital.biz Berhad was for many years enjoying a nice premium to NAV as it attracted the right quality of share owners. As I have explained before, share owners, existing and future ones, ultimately bear the responsibility of determining the market price of a listed company especially one such as icapital.biz Berhad.

The type and quality of share owners matter. To be sure, Mr Yee is not the only long-term individual share owner of icapital.biz Berhad shares; there are many others like him with a similar mindset and there are many more out there whom we can appeal to.

I have also explained elsewhere that we have started a long-term strategy/campaign to improve the type and quality of your Fund's share owners and voting structure with a view of getting back to as close as we possibly can to the initial years (I shared some of these ideas in last year's AGM).

There are many components in this exciting strategy, which includes the recently announced innovative dividend policy, the launch of an ICAP Fan Club, increasing individual ownership of your Fund, and having a much fairer voting structure for a collective investment scheme like icapital.biz Berhad and many more.

Throughout the last 20 years, icapital.biz Berhad has undergone a unique journey albeit one with a clear public mission. The next 20 years will see more of these.

To be sure, it is going to be a long haul and to eventually succeed, we will need the support and co-operation of all like-minded individual share owners. Unfortunately, there are a few large voters/ parties who do not think like long-term share or business owners, who are focused on stock prices and act more like your Fund's wrecking ball.

A member of this group joined a forum in 2019 and has since then posted 475 comments, 92% of them of which are on icapital.biz Berhad and are negative. It is useful to repeat what Warren Buffett advised in his 1985 Berkshire Letter :

"Over the long term, there has been a more consistent relationship between Berkshire's market value and business value than has existed for any other publicly-traded equity with which I am familiar. This is a tribute to you. Because you have been rational, interested, and investment-oriented, the market price for Berkshire stock has almost always been sensible. This unusual result has been achieved by a shareholder group with unusual demographics: virtually all of our shareholders are individuals, not institutions."

We will work hard and with our heart to attract and maintain appropriate high quality ownership in icapital.biz Berhad. Your Fund can go back to a premium or close to one as we continue with this next exciting phase of your Fund's unique mission.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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Q8 Did you get to know Teng Boo much earlier on already?
Mr Yee: Yes.

Q9 How did you come to know about Teng Boo?
Mr Yee: From the i Capital newsletter. As a matter of fact, I even talked to Mr Tan long long ago. I was in trouble with shares, and I rang up i Capital office and it so happened that he was not overseas or anywhere, and he spent time to advise me. And because of the advice, I managed to get out of it at least in a small way.

Q10 Why did you want to invest for the long term when you were already in your 70s?
Mr Yee: Actually, I keep it because I have other investments so l can afford to keep it and I can pass it on to my children and grandchildren. And as Mr Tan says, it's for long term. It's not for the short term. Long term means as he says in decades: It is not a few years, not three days. So, it is okay and I think US financial, economic problems are overdue, you know. The Big Depression that will come in 2025 or even earlier I don't know. But what I know, even now, i Capital is doing fine and as the time comes, and when it comes it will be quick and sudden. And I'm sure Mr Tan and the team will definitely know how to pick up undervalued stocks and will pass them to my children, and no problem. It's a good time. It's a bad time for certain people. It's a good time for closed-end fund, for icapital.biz Berhad.

Q11 What makes you believe in i Capital and Tan Teng Boo?
Mr Yee: I admire Teng Boo as "The Thinker of The East", and another thing I admire him is, I don't know where he gets his energy, he doesn't seem to sleep! I don't know, I don't know his private life but from what I know, from what I read, he is full of energy. And the thing that impressed me is he is a very enlightened person; he knows so many things. Not only is he an investment guru but sometimes he throws a little bit of philosophy, you know and the world culture, political system, not everything that one can think of, especially on China. People like us even in my age I also don't know enough about China but he knows so much about China. Not many people have knowledge of that. So, that alone really is enough for me to admire Mr Tan Teng Boo.

Q12 What would you tell someone who is considering investing in icapital.biz Berhad?
Mr Yee: For the young people, yes, I will tell them. I will say, this is the opportunity of a lifetime. Yes. And this depression coming maybe even worse than 1930, it is a historic epic decline you know, a collapse. It's going to be very bad. The young people like you, need to prepare and hope for the best.

TTB: As another senior citizen, what is the hope for the future of Malaysia? You didn't migrate, I didn't migrate.
Mr Yee: If Anwar can continue, and they take 5-10 years maybe, 2-3 more elections maybe will be okay. If Anwar is in charge maybe yes, I hope. There is some hope for everybody.
TTB: I asked you that question that is not investment related but because sometimes, obviously, you love the country, I love the country, that's why. So, sometimes when we look for all kinds of directions, we look for all kinds of clues.
Despite our age, sometimes, I have no answer.
Mr Yee: Despite your knowledge ......
TTB: I am not a religious person, I am not a Christian, I'm not a Buddhist and so on, I'm more.. in terms of philosophy, I am more of a Taoist. The thing is if we look through history, if we looked through all the philosophy and so on, what is going to be the future of Malaysia?
Mr Yee: Well, Malaysians may have some hope if there is a shift from the west to the east. As I remember, Xi Jinping mentioned "history will prove that we are right, on the right side of history" So if that come to path and as you know, and you wrote a lot about Anwar going to China, he should know where he should go to, so it should be okay. Long term of course maybe 10 or 20 years, maybe the next century for your children, your grandchildren maybe. For us...
TTB: At our age, it is not about dollar and cent anymore. At our age we have got enough whatever it is already. But more importantly is, what we leave behind. What sort of society, what sort of country we leave behind. Thank you.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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2024-02-04 19:32 | Report Abuse

In this 2023 annual report, we are pleased to feature an interview with Mr Yee Kwok Leung from Johor Bahru, one of the individuals whom we managed to attract back in 2005. He now is the most senior shareowner of icapital.biz Berhad and intends to own his shares forever.

Introduction
Mr Yee: 1 am now 89+ years old already. I live in Taman Nong Chik, Johor Bahru. I am very happy to be able to meet all of you especially Mr Tan Teng Boo whom I always admire as the Great Thinker of the East. You know, people compare him to Warren Buffett of the West, but I call him the 'Great Thinker of The East".

Q1 What were you doing before you retired?
Mr Yee: I was a civil engineer.

Q2 How long have you been investing in the stock market?
Mr Yee: More than 60 years. Like Mr Tan, he was involved in investment, very very long. Same.

Q3 When and how did you discover icapital.biz Berhad?
Mr Yee: When did I discover? Maybe 15 years ago? From the very beginning, from the inception of icapital biz Berhad (in 2005).

Q4 How did you discover it? Your friends? Your family?
Mr Yee: All by myself. I am quite interested in stocks and shares since very young.

Q5 So, is it because of the IPO?
Mr Yee: Yes, yes.

Q6 What attracted you to icapital.biz Berhad?
Mr Yee: The company. Although I invest in other things but I still think long term investment is also important and as Mr Tan always says "value investing is very important" and that is how I landed.

Q7 When you first invested in icapital biz Berhad in 2005, you were already 73 years old. What was your reason for buying shares of icapital.biz Berhad?
Mr Yee: I have full faith in i Capital, Capital Dynamics managed by Mr Tan.

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Closed-end funds are typically launched when the stock market is exciting. This is understandable, as it is difficult to raise the desired funds during poor market conditions.

In addition, right from the very outset of its initial public offering in 2005, I wanted to appeal only to a certain type of investors to icapital.biz Berhad and hence requested that I directed the initial public offering.

Consequently, shareholders in icapital.biz Berhad have been referred to referred to as share owners. As we explained in the first annual report, "holding" implies something transitory while "owning" implies a more permanent state of affairs, just like a business or property owner is not described as a holder but as an owner.

Eventually, the initial public offering of icapital.biz Berhad took place in less than exciting times. As a value investor, this was intentional.

However, despite local stock market conditions that were not buoyant, the offering of icapital. biz Berhad was heavily oversubscribed, illustrating the sophistication and wisdom of many investors then.

In addition, unlike many closed-end funds that trade at market prices below their net asset values, icapital.biz Berhad traded at a premium after its listing, once again testifying to the soundness of value investing and the wisdom of investors.

For icapital.biz Berhad to close on its first day of listing in 2005 at a premium to its NAV was a huge achievement and beyond the wildest expectation of many people.

Given how hard Capital Dynamics and I worked and the strategy I deployed in making sure that icapital.biz Berhad appealed only to the right investors, the premium to NAV was not a surprise. As we quoted Buffett in our 2007 annual report, "The key to a rational stock price is rational shareholders, both current and prospective ........."


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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I have often asked myself whether our shareowners are aware or remember why icapital.biz Berhad was created in the first place. Unlike other listed Funds or listed companies, icapital.biz Berhad was intentionally set up with a unique objective on top of a social mission.

As I explained to the High Court judge in the Defamation Trial against a senior editor of The Edge in 2018, the journey I undertook in launching icapital.biz Berhad was like a crusade with the aim of building a better Malaysia.

Similarly, unlike the many conventional closed-end funds found in developed financial markets like New York, the success of icapital.biz Berhad can only be fully appreciated if it is viewed against its original motivation. I set up icapital.biz Berhad more than 19 years ago and got it listed in 2005 for one simple reason : to allow long-term shareholders or more aptly called share owners, to benefit from value investing.

Investing in your Fund allows the power of compounding to work for you. If we succeed in achieving this, we would have also shown that serious long-term investing in Bursa Securities can offer superior returns. The objective was not just narrowly financial - to show that compounding works over the long term - but it also was broader and to demonstrate that sound long-term investing by individuals can work in Malaysia.

Achieving such a long-term socio economic objective is an important part of nation building and can bring about many positive contributions to the development of this young country and its capital market. It can also help bring about a better society. When embarking, we genuinely believe that every Malaysian can help in this journey.

I hope that Malaysians of all ages can realise that we have een trying extremely hard since 2005 to build icapital. biz Berhad into a very different and precious corporate entity, one that is more than just delivering superior annual compound returns. For example, the highly successful Investor Day of icapital.biz Berhad has been organised based on similar socio-economic objectives and public mission.

To put it simply, successfully building icapital.biz Berhad is akin to building a better Malaysia. To me, they are synonymous.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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In last year’s AGM and 2022 annual report, we have explained that the type and quality of shareholders are important in determining the share price performance. Therefore, your Board, together with your Fund Manager and Investment Adviser, have undertaken a series of initiatives and activities to raise awareness of ICAP among younger investors, increase individual share ownership, and engage with existing share owners.

After extensive research, your Fund will introduce, among other strategies, an innovative dividend policy to ensure that the gap between the Fund’s share price and NAV can consistently be auto-remedied moving forward. The innovative dividend policy will address the needs of various shareowners – those seeking long-term capital appreciation, those needing some regular distribution and those who may have to cash in their holdings.

Safeguarding the interests of all share owners remains your Board’s top priority. Your Fund has a Prescribed Limit in its Constitution imposed by the Securities Commission Guidelines for Public Offerings of Securities of Closed-end Funds [Paragraph 3.7.1(iii)] and the Bursa Main Market Listing Requirements [Paragraph 7.40].

The Prescribed Limit is defined under Regulation 2 of the Securities Industry (Central Depositories) (Foreign Ownership) Regulations 1996 ("SICDA FOR") as a quota, restriction or limit on the ownership of shares by a foreigner imposed on the issuer by the memorandum and articles of association (Constitution) or any other constituent documents of the issuer.

Regulation 6 of SICDA FOR provides that shares held by foreigners which fall within the Prescribed Limit shall be entitled to all rights and obligations attached to the shares as determined by the Board. Regulation 6 of SICDA FOR also provides that shares held by foreigners which exceed the Prescribed Limit shall be subject to a determination by the Company as to whether such shareholder shall be entitled to all rights and obligations.

Accordingly, foreign depositors who hold voting shares within the Prescribed Limit of 20% as against the total quantity of shares listed on the official list of the Stock Exchange shall be entitled to vote at any general meeting save for restricted shares standing to the credit of the securities account of foreign depositors as being in suspense, pursuant to SICDA FOR read together with the Prescribed Limit of 20% in the Company’s Constitution, the Securities Commission Guidelines for Public Offerings of Securities of Closed-end Funds, the Bursa Main Market Listing Requirements and Chapter 24A of the Rules of Bursa Malaysia Depository concerning foreign ownership of shares in the Company.

Determination(s) onrights and obligations attached to restricted shares may be made by the Board of Directors of the Company upon the happening of any of the events listed out in regulation 6(2) of SICDA FOR, such as and not limited to (i) prior to the calling of any general meeting; (ii) prior to the undertaking of any corporate action by the issuer; and (iii) the conversion of shares.

Your Board wishes to explain the necessity to comply with SICDA FOR is to ensure that the long-term interests of the majority individual share owners of your Fund are not eroded but instead preserved.


i Capital.biz Berhad 2023 Annual Report

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2024-01-08 00:36 | Report Abuse

In the last quarterly commentary, I explained that despite a very tough and rough environment, icapital.biz Berhad has achieved a very strong performance with its NAV appreciating 20.93% and its share price surging 35.66% for the two years ended 25 July 2023. Both have strongly outperformed the 7.59% plunge in the bellwether MSCI Malaysia index.

This strong performance has continued since then. Once again, over a 3-year period, your Fund's share price has outperformed the gain its NAV and the plunge in the MSCI Malaysia index. Your Fund's share price jumped 55.8%, way ahead of the 32.73% in its NAV and the 11.07% plunge in the bellwether index.

What shareowners should notice and acknowledge is the fact that the discount of your Fund's share price has narrowed very substantially from a high of around 40% to only about 20% recently. This did not happen by accident. It is the result of the hard work and heart work put in by Capital Dynamics and myself as the Designated Person of icapital. biz Berhad.

On an annualised basis, the share price delivered an annual compound return of 15.90%, its NAV an annual compound return gained 9.88% while the MSCI Malaysia fell at an annual compound rate of 3.83%.
The strong performance of icapital.biz Berhad is not a fluke shot. It is a result of your Fund Manager and Designated Person patiently and deliberately sticking to its time-proven Bamboo value investing philosophy, despite being continuously harassed by a few large foreign wrecking balls.

Although icapital.biz Berhad still has around RM134 million cash, it has been investing more with its cash assets falling steadily. A new addition to the portfolio of icapital. biz Berhad is Unisem, a semiconductor stock. This implies that its NAV will be appreciating further in future.

With Capital Dynamics' time-proven value investing philosophy, and icapital.biz Berhad still undervalued, it is actually an excellent time to invest more in this truly low-risk, high-return investment. A rise of 55.80% in its share price while the overall stock market plunges 11.07% is indeed a rare gem.


icapital.biz Berhad 1Q24 Report

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Another significant contribution towards society was "Aid Xinyang", a project initiated by Teng Boo in 2020 to help the medical staff of Xinyang city in Hubei province in China during the Covid-19 outbreak. He was moved to lend a helping hand when he found out that Xinyang city did not receive sufficient resources from the Chinese government who were prioritizing assisting Wuhan City and Hubei Province. Hence, the funds raised were used to purchase gloves, masks, personal protective equipment and other medical supplies for the healthcare front liners and donated through Xinyang City Red Cross.

In the realm of business, his strategic leadership has been pivotal to Capital Dynamics' success and he has achieved notable distinctions in the professional and business arenas. Guided by Teng Boo's philosophy and values, Capital Dynamics (Australia) Limited intentionally applied for and obtained a retail Australian Financial Services License (AFSL) - the first Asian fund manager to obtain such an AFSL. The same applies to Capital Dynamics Asset Management (HK) Pte Ltd which obtained a retail Type 9 (Asset Management) license in Hong Kong - the first ASEAN fund manager to do so. Capital Dynamics Sdn Bhd is the first independent Investment Adviser to be licensed in Malaysia. These are in line with his focus on serving and helping individual investors."

Sadly, it has to take a foreign university to appreciate and recognise what Tan Teng Boo has been contributing to society all these years. What i Capital and Tan Teng Boo believe in and fight for are broadly similar to the vision of the UTS Business School: " to be a socially committed business school focused on developing and sharing knowledge for an innovative, sustainable, prosperous economy in a fairer world."


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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To reach out to even more individual investors, Teng Boo pioneered Asia's most innovative investment event, the Investor Day of ICAP (https://www.icapital.my/). In the spirit of tireless learning, ICAP and Capital Dynamics have been organising the highly successful Investor Day since 2010.

The primary objective of this not-for-profit Investor Day is to educate the general public on the benefits of sound investing. In each Investor Day, always held on a Sunday for their convenience, it is most gratifying to see thousands of individual investors participate and benefit.

Throughout his decades-long investing and business career, Teng Boo has always believed in empowering and championing individual investors. As he said during the 2014 Investor Day in October 2014 : "if I can convert one person to become a better person and a better investor from this, I would be happy.

That person would go on to influence other people in their lives, and eventually they would all make a better Malaysian economy." To him, the equation is simple : a robust economy needs a strong capital market, which in turns needs informed participants, including individual investors.

This dedication to helping others, along with his passion for reading, contributes to his ability to educate, guide, and inspire others in both formal and informal settings. His engagement with universities, societies and numerous non-profit organisations, where he delivers talks, lectures, and seminars, enriches the academic discourse on investment-related subjects. Through these interactions, he contributes significantly to the development of future financial and investment professionals, especially among university students.

Other than that, to encourage university students to acquire knowledge of value investing and its benefits, under Teng Boo's leadership, Capital Dynamics organizes the Budding Value Investor Award (BVIA), a global investment research competition that requires participants to submit and present research papers, held since 2019.

In the 2020/2021 competition, winners received cash prizes, certificate, and a 3-month paid internship with Capital Dynamics under Tan Teng Boo's direct supervision (https://bvia.icapital.biz/). The BVIA is only opened to university students.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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Another major initiative of Teng Boo in promoting and defending the long-term interests of the individual investors was to successfully list icapital.biz Berhad (ICAP), a retail closed-end fund, listed on the Malaysian stock exchange in October 2005. Currently the only listed closed-end fund on the said stock exchange, ICAP was set up to primarily serve individual investors (https://www.icapital.my/).

ICAP has over 3,000 individual investors with an asset size of around AUD165 million. The annual general meeting of ICAP has always been held on a Saturday, to encourage a high level of participation and for the convenience of individual investors. Prior to the pandemic, its annual general meeting has often witnessed an active participation of 700 to 800 shareholders.

The reason why ICAP exists (its raison d'etre) is explained in its annual report:

"icapital.biz Berhad exists for one simple reason: to allow long-term shareholders or more aptly called share owners, to benefit from value investing. Investing in your Fund allows the power of compounding to work for you. If we succeed in achieving this, we would have also shown that serious long-term investing in Bursa Securities (the Malaysian stock exchange) can offer superior returns."

Over the years, individual investors have been disillusioned as they found investing in the stock market to be frustrating and unrewarding. Gains cannot be sustained while losses were frequent. To help this important group of investors, Teng Boo decided way back in 2003 that a retail closed-end fund would be the most ideal channel to assist them.

Promoting and getting ICAP listed took two years of hard and pioneering work. When conducting its initial public offering in 2005, Teng Boo intentionally promoted and marketed ICAP only to individual investors; institutional investors were intentionally omitted.

In December 2021, at Teng Boo's recommendation, ICAP paid a Special COVID-19 Relief Dividend of 20 sen per share (or RM28 million which was more than 4% of ICAP net asset value) to its shareholders, who are substantially individual investors. This was at a time when many listed companies were omitting or cutting their dividends and when many individuals were financially affected by the pandemic.

This strategy of focusing only on individual investors has been passionately and relentlessly pursued by Teng Boo up to today. To put it simply, successfully building ICAP is akin to building a better Malaysia. To Teng Boo, they are synonymous.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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What we also hear from the 19th AGM and the 2023 Investor Day is that there is only one Tan Teng Boo and the individual investors and shareowners know they cannot find another Tan Teng Boo.

They trust him. The individual shareowners and participants recognize that there is something very special and irreplaceable about Tan Teng Boo. It has taken a long time for him to be recognised as such.

This year, the University Technology of Sydney (UTS) recognized his distinguished track record of achievement. Tan Teng Boo was appointed as an Adjunct Industry Professor at the UTS Business School, only the second person to be so appointed.

Teng Boo is the first and only Malaysian to be appointed as Adjunct Industry Professor of the UTS Business School. In 2014, Apple's co-founder Steve Wozniak was also appointed an Adjunct Industry Professor at the UTS, the first such appointment that Wozniak has accepted.

After he was invited and before he was appointed, Teng Boo has to submit his profile for UTS to review. Reproduced below is part of what was submitted to UTS:

"What Teng Boo has observed over the decades is that when a financial or economic crisis hits, individual retail investors have to typically bear the brunt, although in aggregate, they as taxpayers would be the ones who would have to eventually bail out the financial system and economy. These acute observations have made a huge impression on Teng Boo and have had a transformative impact on his life and career. Viewing this asymmetric fact of life as unfair, Teng Boo has early on resolved and made it the mission of Capital Dynamics to help society's underdog, the individual retail investor, in an area where his contributions can have the greatest positive impact on society - investing

Consequently, Capital Dynamics launched its iconic weekly i Capital's investment newsletter in English and Chinese in 1989, to provide a trusted source of quality, independent, and objective investment research and analysis. For once, individual investors can choose not to listen to tips or rumours or hearsay, and do not have to be always adversely affected in times of crisis. This weekly newsletter, and subsequently in 2002, its Internet version, www.icapital.biz, were made to be extremely affordable and accessible to individual investors and in the process helping and benefitting thousands of individual investors.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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Before that, icapital.biz Berhad was the only publicly listed company that declared a dividend solely for the purpose of helping individual shareowners who were affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. A hefty 20 sen dividend per share was paid.

Anything else special ?

In the 2022 AGM of icapital.biz Berhad, its Designated Person recommended forming an ICAP Fan Club to promote and protect the long-term interests of the Fund and its many individual shareowners.

This is again a highly innovative idea from Teng Boo as icapital.biz Berhad is the only publicly listed company in Asia-Pacific to have such a fan club. Although there is plenty of preliminary work to sort out, the ICAP Fan Club is expected to be functioning in early 2024.

In summary, what we hear from the 19th AGM and the 2023 Investor Day is that there is only one icapital.biz Berhad in the whole world and the individual shareowners know they cannot find another icapital.biz Berhad if the Fund is wound up by City of London Investment Management, Pop Investment Ltd and their local running dogs.

The individual shareowners recognize that there is something very special and irreplaceable about icapital.biz Berhad.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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What is also so special about icapital.biz Berhad is the annual Investor Day, held since 2010. Through this annual not-for-profit event, icapital.biz Berhad, Tan Teng Boo and his team at Capital Dynamics have reached out to and benefitted tens of thousands of individual investors. Alibaba held its 1st Investor Day in 2018 but has stopped doing it after 2021.

Other publicly listed companies have since then copied us and have been holding their own Investor Days but none of them is anyway near the Investor Day of icapital.biz Berhad, either in terms of the wide social objectives, large scale, deep reach and sustainability.

With all its rich contents and presentations, the Investor Day of icapital.biz Berhad is without doubt Asia's most innovative investment event.

What else is so special about icapital.biz Berhad? In 2023, the Designated Person of icapital.biz Berhad came out with another ground breaking idea - the most innovative dividend policy in the whole world This sophisticated dividend policy of icapital.biz Berhad is based on the aggregate of a Base Rate Dividend (based on its net asset value (NAV)) and a Top-Up Dividend (based on the difference between its NAV and share price).

This innovative dividend policy together with a Dividend Reinvestment Plan will allow icapital.biz Berhad to trade at a rational price level, shareowners to enjoy long-term capital appreciation and still receive regular income. While the sophisticated dividend policy is certainly very innovative, what is even more impressive is the commitment that Capital Dynamics and Tan Teng Boo have given to icapital.biz Berhad and its many individual shareowners.

Over the years, Teng Boo and his team have been struggling and working hard to find an effective way of allowing icapital.biz Berhad to trade at a rational price level, its shareowners to enjoy long-term capital appreciation and still receive regular income.

After years of brainstorming with internal staff and external advisers, finally in 2023, the Designated Person of icapital.biz Berhad came out with the most innovative dividend policy in the whole world. Despite not knowing where his commitment will take him, Teng Boo stayed on this difficult journey because he fervently believed that he owes it to the many individual shareowners, people who have trusted him for years.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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There is something very special and irreplaceable about icapital.biz Berhad. The individual shareowners who understand Tan Teng Boo and icapital biz Berhad well, know and appreciate the fact that both of them are truly unique. They say that there is only one icapitalbiz Berhad and if it is wound up, there is nothing that can replace this precious fund. What is so special about icapital.biz Bhd?

The individual shareowners realised that icapital.biz Berhad and its Designated Person deeply and truly care about the long-term interests of its individual shareowners. It is not just cheap talk from them.

Unlike other companies, right from its very 1st AGM in 2006, icapital.biz Berhad is the only publicly listed company that conducts its AGM on a Saturday, for the convenience of its many individual shareowners and to allow as many of them as possible to attend and vote in the AGM.

Unlike other companies, even though there are no door gifts, the AGM of icapital.biz Berhad is well attended. Many of the shareowners even come from outside the Klang Valley. A long-time shareowner of icapital.biz Berhad flew from Sabah (a two-and-a-half hour flight to Kuala Lumpur) and even brought his two sons and a nephew to attend (including the 2023 Investor Day).

City of London Investment Management, Pop Investment Ltd and their local running dogs have been harassing icapital.biz Berhad and its Designated Person since 2010. How does one deal with such experienced hooligans or "samseng" who possess much larger financial and human resources and are full of deceit? Integrity.
As Tan Teng Boo has explained many times, integrity is the most important of all. Integrity is not the same as honesty. Teng Boo loves to use the example of a crook who honestly tells you he is a crook. He is an honest crook but not one with integrity. There are elements of honesty and trustworthiness in integrity but integrity is much more than that and it is basically about doing the right thing even when no one knows. In managing icapitalbiz Berhad, Teng Boo and his team have always believed in doing the right things for the Fund and its shareowners even when no one knows or acknowledges them. Narrow self-interests are pushed aside. As the CEO of Capital Dynamics explained in his many roadshows, he is the only fund manager who works on Saturdays and Sundays to serve the interests of the shareowners without getting paid extra.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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2023-11-13 02:26 | Report Abuse

icapital.biz Berhad is neither the largest nor the oldest closed-end fund in the world. It is not even the largest publicly listed company in Malaysia. One thing is for sure though. icapital.biz Berhad is easily the most unique closed end fund in the world and certainly the most priceless publicly listed company in Malaysia. These are not false claims or empty boasting or chest thumping.

icapital.biz Berhad successfully conducted its 19th annual general meeting (AGM) on Saturday, 4th Nov 2023. There were numerous attempts by City of London Investment Management, Pop Investment Ltd and their local running dogs to disrupt the said AGM.

Despite their coordinated campaigns, they failed miserably again. Why?


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 12

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2023-11-06 21:25 | Report Abuse

With its time-proven value investing philosophy, ICAP has achieved consistent strong performance.

Even in the last few years, ICAP has performed superbly. Since its listing in 2005, the fund has outperformed the MSCI Malaysia for 14 out of 18 years. Even though its NAV performance has been impressive and continues to appreciate, the share price is still trading at a discount currently. Besides, ICAP still has around RM 145.7 mln in cash assets as at 31 May 2023.

With the exciting strategies put in place, including its innovative dividend policy, the future of ICAP is undoubtedly very attractive - a truly low-risk, high return investment.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 9

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2023-10-29 23:01 | Report Abuse

From Oct 2005 to 6 Sep 2023, the MSCI Malaysia index gained 1.84% annually. In the same period, the NAV of ICAP jumped 7.90% annually and its share price compounded 6.61%. This strong performance of ICAP hides many important truths.

To uncover them, let us break this overall performance down into two distinct phases : one with a higher cash level and another with a lower cash level.

From Oct 2005 to Dec 2013 when the cash level of ICAP was lower (it fell to as low at 10.5% in 2009), the NAV of ICAP jumped 14.85% annually and its share price compounded impressively at 11.67% per annum.

In comparison, from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 when the cash level of ICAP was much higher (it rose to an average of 63.4%), its NAV gained only 0.71% per annum and its share price was essentially flat, even though these were still much better than the MSCI Malaysia index.

Then, from Jan 2020 to Sep 2023 when the cash level of ICAP was falling again, (by Sep 2023, it has fallen to 26.4% from over 63% in end 2019), the NAV of ICAP is once again rising at a higher annual compound rate of 5.06%. What is even more interesting is that its share price has been rising at an even faster pace of 6.73% compounded annually. At this rate of increase, not only will NAV parity appear, but there could hopefully be a premium again. A lot depends on ICAP having the right quality of share owners and the performance of its future NAV.

From day one, ICAP has been very consistent and disciplined with its value investing approach and therefore its asset allocation. When your Fund sees attractive value, it will invest. Otherwise it will wait even though Tan Teng Boo, its Designated Person, has been persistently and publicly harassed by a few certain large investors, parties who are not even share owners of your Fund, for strictly sticking to ICAP's value investing philosophy.

In 1985, Buffett has already cautioned:

"You might think that institutions, with their large staffs of highly-paid and experienced investment professionals, would be a force for stability and reason in financial markets. They are not: stocks heavily owned and constantly monitored by institutions have often been among the most inappropriately valued."


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 9

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2023-10-23 01:44 | Report Abuse

ICAP has an excellent future. Why?

First, after its 2005 inception, ICAP was for many years enjoying a nice premium to NAV as it attracted the right quality of share owners. Since share owners, existing and future ones, bear the responsibility of determining the market price of a listed company, especially one such as ICAP, the type and quality of share owners matter. We need to appeal to share owners with the right mind set.

We have started a long-term strategy/campaign to improve the type and quality of ICAP's share owners and voting structure with a view of getting back to as close as we possibly can to the initial years. There are many components in this exciting strategy, which includes the recently announced innovative dividend policy, the launch of an ICAP Fan Club, increasing individual ownership of ICAP, and having a much fairer voting structure for a collective investment scheme like ICAP and many more.

Throughout the last 20 years, ICAP has undergone a unique journey albeit one with a clear public mission. The next 20 years will see more of these. To be sure, it is going to be a long haul and to eventually succeed, we will need the support and co-operation of all like-minded individual share owners.

Unfortunately, there are a few large voters/parties who do not think like long-term share or business owners, who are focusing on stock prices and act more like ICAP's wrecking ball. A member of this wrecking ball group joined a forum in 2019 and has since then posted 475 comments, 92% of them of which are on ICAP and are negative.

It is useful to repeat what Warren Buffett advised in his 1985 Berkshire Letter :

"Over the long term, there has been a more consistent relationship between Berkshire's market value and business value than has existed for any other publicly-traded equity with which I am familiar. This is a tribute to you. Because you have been rational, interested, and investment-oriented, the market price for Berkshire stock has almost always been sensible. This unusual result has been achieved by a shareholder group with unusual demographics: virtually all of our shareholders are individuals, not institutions."

We will work hard and with our heart to attract and maintain appropriate high quality ownership in ICAP.

It can go back to a premium or close to one as we continue with this next exciting phase of ICAP's unique mission.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 9

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2023-10-16 00:02 | Report Abuse

Since its inception in 2005, ICAP has been trading at a premium to NAV in the first 3 years, as almost 100% of its share owners were individuals.

The share price subsequently traded at a persistent discount due to the irresponsible behavior of a few large parties, who want to wreck ICAP for their own short-term gains.

In order to address its share owners' concern of share price discount, the fund manager has come out with long-term strategies and campaigns to attract the right quality of share owners.

Ever since the nationwide roadshow conducted in Jul 2023 where several possible scenarios of ICAP were proposed and discussed, the market has shown very positive reaction. As at 3 Oct 2023, ICAP's share price has surged 26.92% since Jul (first roadshow took place on 1 Jul).

The most innovative dividend policy

On 29 Sep 23, ICAP announced its unique dividend policy that aims to narrow the gap between its share price and NAV and possibly move it back to parity or premium to its NAV.

We believe it is the first ever closed-end fund anywhere in the world that has adopted such an innovative dividend policy.

This unique dividend policy is formulated based on the aggregate of 1% of the NAV per Share (Base Rate) plus 8% of the difference in the market price of ICAP Shares and the NAV per Share (Top-up Rate). The Top-up Rate will not apply if the share price is trading at parity or a premium to NAV.

Under normal market and economic conditions, the expected dividend yield will be approximately 4%, which will be paid on a yearly basis.

From 2002 to 2022, the average 3-month fixed deposit rate in Malaysia was 2.80%; the average 3-month Malaysian Treasury Bill was 2.76%; and the average dividend yield based on the Kuala Lumpur Composite Index was 3.20%.

This suggests that the expected dividend yield of 4% is attractive. Thanks to this well-designed innovative dividend policy, ICAP remains a long-term capital appreciation fund that aims at achieving superior long-term compound return.

At the same time, a dividend reinvestment plan (DRP) will be implemented to provide greater flexibility to share owners in meeting their investment objectives.

The dividend entitlement can either be received wholly in cash, or be reinvested in new ICAP Shares at an issue price to be determined by the Board.

The DRP enlarges the issued share capital, which increases its liquidity and hence reduces the chances of share price manipulation by certain large institutional parties. On top of this, shareholders will be exposed to further capital appreciation when reinvestment option is elected.

With the Base Rate tied to ICAP's NAV, what this means is that investors who buy ICAP shares now will be able to enjoy a dividend that will be consistently rising at a compound rate.

Say ICAP's NAV doubles to RM7.16. The 1% Base Rate component of ICAP's dividend will then produce a dividend payment of 7.16 sen, double the present dividend payment of 3.56 sen.

If the NAV doubles in 5 years, your dividend payment and dividend yield doubles in 5 years. And it has no impact on ICAP's long-term capital appreciation objective. Except for the 2 pandemic years, the 1% Base Rate is below the average interest and dividend income streams that ICAP has received annually since 2006. In addition, the DRP will cater to the needs of the Top-up Rate.

This is how innovative ICAP's dividend policy is.

This innovative dividend policy and DRP is the result of extensive research conducted by Capital Dynamics and Tan Teng Boo. To appreciate its full benefits, come to ICAP's AGM and listen to an international finance expert, Dr Lorenzo, together with Tan Teng Boo, explain this unique dividend policy on Saturday, 4th Nov 2023. Dr Lorenzo will also present his independent research and assessment of ICAP's NAV and share price performance at the 2023 Investor Day on Sunday, 5th November, at the KL Convention Centre.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 9

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2023-10-08 22:35 | Report Abuse

The Malaysian stock market has not been performing for a long time. While many are still stuck being unwilling long-term investors of the overhyped gloves and semiconductor stocks since the pandemic, let us see how ICAP, to some, a boring and unexciting stock, has performed and what is up for its share owners in the future.

Cash is key.

Cash is the only raw material which can generate capital gains and income for ICAP. Asset allocation plays an important role in the fund's performance. When the market is overvalued, it is the strategy of ICAP's fund manager to hold more cash and wait until the market is undervalued with plenty of opportunities to invest.

While it is the fund manager's responsibility to manage its net asset value (NAV), it is important to note that the share price of a fund is determined by investors, and not a responsibility of the fund manager.

Since the pandemic, ICAP's cash level has been dropping steadily as it has been making additional investments. The fall in cash level implies an appreciation of its NAV.

This is observed when its NAV appreciated 5.06% and its share price grew 5.80% during the pandemic up until 27 Sep 2023. Both have outperformed the MSCI Malaysia index, which plunged by 4.66%.

It is ICAP's strategy to invest only in undervalued stocks.

For example, ICAP became one of Capital A's largest shareholders, accounting for 9.71% (RCUIDS and warrants inclusive) of the fund's NAV as at Sep 2023.

Being South-East Asia's largest low cost carrier which was one of the most severely impacted industries during the pandemic, Capital A not only survived without a single cent of grant from the government, but has transformed and expanded further.

With such an undervalued stock portfolio that ICAP is holding, the prospects of the fund is indeed promising.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 9

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2023-10-01 22:26 | Report Abuse

Since 2012, City of London has been using all kinds of tactics, including unethical ones and working together with Laxey Partners, another London activist, to pressurise Tan Teng Boo to do all kinds of things for short-term benefits and to benefit its own interests.

City of London has been forcing Tan Teng Boo to change his time proven, well thought-out value investing style, even using a prominent local media and the social media to conduct a campaign to kick Tan Teng Boo out as the fund manager in last year's AGM.

In a classic David versus Goliath battle, since 2012, Tan Teng Boo has been fighting City of London, based on his deep belief in integrity and value investing. The successful listing of icapital.biz Bhd in Oct 2005 was due to investors who shared his value investing approach and who trusted him.

Even at the risk of him being kicked out, Tan Teng Boo would not depart from what he has promised the thousands of shareowners. This is integrity, an old fashion value that an activist investment firm like City of London probably can never understand.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 27 Issue 22

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2023-09-11 08:42 | Report Abuse

Once again, despite a very tough and rough environment, icapital.biz Berhad has achieved a very strong performance with its NAV appreciating 20.93% and its share price surging 35.66% for the two years ended 25 July 2023.

Both have strongly outperformed the 7.59% plunge in the bellwether MSCI Malaysia index.

Meanwhile, icapital.biz Berhad continues to invest more. Its cash assets have been falling steadily. This implies that its NAV will be appreciating further. With Capital Dynamics’ time-proven value investing philosophy, and icapital.biz Berhad still undervalued, it is actually an excellent time to invest more in this truly low-risk, high-return investment. A profit of 35.66% in a market that fell 7.59% is indeed a rare gem.


icapital.biz Berhad 4Q23 Report

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2023-09-03 20:51 | Report Abuse

Another way a value investor expresses their humility is by holding cash - lots of it in fact - when there is nothing attractive to invest in. If there are not enough securities to fill out a portfolio that meet value investing criteria, the answer is simply to hold cash until such securities can be found.

To be sure, holding cash is not the ultimate aim of a value investor; it is a by-product of the value investing process where humility is a huge part of its risk management.

For businesses and firms, cash is a necessity for dealing with the unexpected. Cash is the heart and blood of businesses. Cash and liquidity are much more important to a firm's survival than earnings or profitability.
Cash serves a similar purpose from an investor's or a portfolio manager's standpoint.

Cash is the most vital raw material for an investor. If one can be absolutely sure that all the stocks one has bought are the correct stocks at the correct prices and valuations, or that there will not be any better opportunities coming your way later, then holding cash become superfluous. How can one be so cocky?

As Tan Teng Boo has previously shared, holding cash is like holding a very valuable option, except that it is one with no expiry date. The value of an option depends on its expiry date, amongst other factors.
The longer the expiry date, the more valuable the option becomes. An option has a fixed conversion price. With cash, it is the investor or the fund manager who decides what the conversion price will be.

Since a value investor will buy only at an attractive price, the value of the option or cash goes up. In summary, whether one is managing a business or managing a portfolio, it is a privilege to have a strong balance sheet now, one that is especially filled with cash.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 31 Issue 36 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-08-27 23:14 | Report Abuse

Buy low sell high does not work consistently because it is very difficult to predict a market trend, a company's earnings or a country's GDP accurately on a consistent basis. Of course, out of say 100 times, there will of course be a couple of times when one gets it correct. This is like predicting heads or tails when a coin is tossed a hundred times.

If one thinks about it carefully, such a result is not surprising. If timing the stock or market could be done accurately on a consistent basis, people like the CEO of Capital Dynamics would be free to just sit in front of the monitor and trade profitably; there would be no need to work so hard and conduct all that research and analysis.

Noteworthy at this point is what Benjamin Graham, the father of value investing, has to say on such matters

"As in all other activities that emphasize price movements first and underlying values second, the work of many intelligent minds constantly engaged in this field tends to be self-neutralizing and self-defeating over the years. The investor with a portfolio of sound stocks should expect their prices to fluctuate and should neither be concerned by sizable declines nor become excited by sizable advances. He should always remember that market quotations are there for his convenience, either to be taken advantage of or to be ignored. He should never buy a stock because it has gone up or sell one because it has gone down."

- Benjamin Graham, The Intelligent Investor

Ben Graham, the teacher of Warren Buffett, added :

"A stock is not just a ticker symbol or an electronic blip; it is an ownership interest in an actual business, with an underlying value that does not depend on its share price."

The intellectual approach towards investing in the stock market differs greatly between those who time the market or stocks and those who practise value investing. For the former, the market index or stock price is just a number to predict, making it in essence similar to gambling or speculating; for the latter, the market index is meaningless and irrelevant while the stock prices are to be used only in comparisons with the intrinsic value of a stock or business.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 31 Issue 36 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-08-20 13:36 | Report Abuse

Despite a challenging and turbulent environment over the last 9-10 years, the share price and net asset value (NAV) of icapital.biz Berhad (5108, ICAP), a listed closed-end fund, have reached an all-time high of RM2.86, a feat achieved by only a very few companies listed on Bursa Malaysia and just a tad below its all-time high NAV at RM3.64.

These positive outcomes are a result of the painstaking efforts put in by the Board of ICAP and Tan Teng Boo, its Designated Person. To recapitulate, in its 2022 Annual General Meeting, Teng Boo proposed a slew of measures to generate the said outcomes.

From its inception in Oct 2005 to 2 Aug 2023, the share price and NAV of ICAP have appreciated at an annualised rate of 5.67% and 7.91% respectively, outperforming the MSCI Malaysia index, which gained only 1.77% per annum. However, viewing ICAP's performance on this basis hides the true performance potential of ICAP. Its NAV is at a crucial major turning point. Why?

First, despite an extremely difficult period, the share price and NAV of ICAP have been rallying on a tear for the last 1-year, 2-year and 3-year periods, thanks to the very comprehensive investor relations campaign undertaken by Capital Dynamics and supported by ICAP's Board. The share price and NAV of ICAP have outperformed the MSCI Malaysia by a huge margin. If it is just one year, one may say it is due to plain luck. If it is over 3 years, it has to be due to the investing skills of Tan Teng Boo.

Besides, its NAV discount has also narrowed substantially, allowing investors to enjoy extra returns without any risk. In the last one year up to 3 Aug 2023, ICAP's share price shot up 17.33%, nearly doubled the rise in its NAV.
For a two-year period, ICAP's share price surged 32.90%, also much higher than the 19.20% rise in its NAV. Over a 3-year period ending 3 Aug 2023, ICAP's share price jumped 28.93% while the MSCI Malaysia index plunged nearly 15% in the same period.

Put simply, an investor who put RM1,000 into the MSCI Malaysia index 3 years ago would have seen that investment shrivelled to around RM850. Had the investor put in RM1,000 into ICAP shares, his investment would have risen to RM1,289 or 51.6% more.

Why are we ending ICAP's performance on 3rd August 2023?

This is when ICAP lost its leave application in the Federal Court, allowing a rogue investor to act like a cowboy. The share price of ICAP on 3ld Aug closed at RM2.37, just a sen higher than 2 August 2023. In other words, ICAP's share price on 3 August 2023 did not benefit from the Federal Court decision.

Therefore, the strong performance of ICAP's share price and NAV up to 3 August 2023 were all due to the efforts of its Designated Person, Tan Teng Boo. This point is very important as the long-time Malaysian collaborator of the foreign investor will make all kinds of false claims in an investment forum that he joined in 2019.

Secondly, as explained by Tan Teng Boo in a series of physical nationwide roadshows, although ICAP's NAV has surged, it will substantially benefit in the future from the RM170 mln investments that ICAP has made in the last few years. ICAP's cash holdings of around RM300 mln a few years ago has dropped substantially, down by more than 50%, due to these investments.

For example, ICAP made substantial investments in Capital A (formerly AirAsia) and SAM Engineering in the last few years.

Thirdly, subsequent to the 2022 AGM, and after years of extensive work, the Board and Designated Person of ICAP have made an important breakthrough by formulating an innovative dividend strategy that will further enhance the other measures already implemented to narrow the NAV discount.

In addition, the dividend strategy is being undertaken to address the needs of various shareowners - those seeking long-term capital appreciation, those needing some regular distribution and those who may have to cash in their holdings. This innovative dividend strategy of ICAP, when fully implemented, will further boost its future share price and NAV movements.

As guided by the Designated Person and the Board, ICAP is on the right track but there is still plenty of work to be done. "In time, as the market starts to fully recognise the consistent outperformance of ICAP, it is hoped that its share price will start to trade at a premium, like it used to before certain shareholders came in," said Tan Teng Boo.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 35 Issue 2 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-08-13 14:21 | Report Abuse

Secondly, investors' behavioral bias has been avoided by Capital Dynamic's consistent value investing approach.

A good example is its investment in Padini. icapital.biz Bhd first bought Padini in late 2005 and early 2006 in a very patient and disciplined manner - see figure 11. At that time, Padini's paid up capital was only 62.4 mln and icapital.biz Bhd restrainedly bought 2.27 mln of Padini shares.

The first sell transaction came 7 years later, in the 2nd quarter of 2013 when concerns over the outcome of the 2013 elections took hold. Since then, icapital.biz Bhd has not sold a single Padini share and still holds a substantial quantity.

The cost price of its Padini shares is less than 30 sen, even before taking into account the dividends received.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 30 Issue 1 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-08-06 15:37 | Report Abuse

First, icapital.biz Bhd has committed itself to a long-term investment objective. So, Capital Dynamics is never pressured by any kind of ranking among investment funds. Most funds pay their fund managers in terms of a certain percentage of assets under management plus performance fees if the NAV surpasses the previous high level.

This kind of compensation structure made fund managers biased towards building up the size of their portfolios by maximizing marketing efforts and taking asymmetrical risks, ie: fund managers will get paid a lot when the market is good, but never be punished when the market is bad.

Though Capital Dynamics is also paid based on its NAV, icapital.biz Bhd's close-end fund structure has not only alleviated incentive problems and improved corporate governance, but has also solved the inflow/outflow problems of open-end unit trust funds (UTFs).

Unlike those in UTFs or ETFs, investors in CEFs are also shareholders. As public listed companies, CEFs must hold annual general meetings (AGMs). Through these AGM or extraordinary general meetings (EGMs), investors or shareholders of CEFs can substantially influence the way the CEFs are run. They can nominate individuals to be appointed to the Board of Directors and determine who gets elected or rejected as directors as well as their fees.
The investors or shareholders can change the fund manager; they can also change the Constitution of the CEFs through AGM or EGM. No less importantly, it is much easier for investors of CEFs to terminate or wind up the fund than it is for investors of UTFs.

Although both funds can be wound up upon the occurrence of an Extraordinary Resolution passed at a general meeting or unitholders' meeting, it is in practice very difficult for the unit holders of UTFs to call for such meetings.

Nearly 1000 investors attended the 2017 AGM of icapital.biz Bhd, which lasted for a whole day. In an AGM, the share owners are able to voice their comments, raise questions and interact with the fund manager. In comparison, it is extremely difficult if not impossible for investors in a unit trust fund to have such an intimate avenue of communication with the fund manager.

Therefore, for shareholders or investors, CEFs are structurally far more democratic than UTFs or ETFs. This is an important value proposition of CEFs, as it means that shareholders or investors can better protect their interests.
In addition, the open-end structure of a UTF or OEF drags down the long-term performance. When the stock market is bullish, investors tend to flood new monies into the fund, and the fund needs to invest the monies received based on their investment mandate.

Thus, investors are 'forcing' the fund managers to invest, even when some of the shares are trading at high valuation. In a bear market, investors tend to panic and start redeeming or selling their units. Fund managers have no choice but to liquidate their portfolio to raise cash to pay the investors who sold or redeemed their units.

Thus, investors 'force fund managers to sell when the stocks may be trading at an attractive valuation. CEFs have the benefit of capital stability, which means there are no redemptions or subscriptions which would impact the fund.

The fund manager of a CEF can thus invest for the long term and also invest in attractive but less liquid securities, which explained the source of icapital.biz Bhd's superior performance.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 30 Issue 1 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-07-30 12:44 | Report Abuse

The explanation of icapital.biz Bhd's superior performance

Investors are bombarded with good performance results from all kinds of investment products or investment managers. The fact of the matter is that only good results will reach us, as no fund management company would advertise a fund with a bad track record. This is a classical self-selection bias problem.

So a smart investor will always ask: what are the explanations for or sources of such good performance? Will these sources or factors persist in the future? This is like when we analyze a listed company: what are the company's moats or competitive advantages, how persistent are they?

If we do not understand the rationale behind icapital.biz Bhd's past performance to appreciate why Capital Dynamics is a good fund manager, we may be easily distracted by things unimportant or irrelevant to icapital.biz Bhd's investment objective.

Investors may even wonder: are Capital Dynamics and Tan Teng Boo the lucky fools that Nassim Taleb described in his book "Fooled by Randomness"?
We believe Capital Dynamics' secret to outperform the market is not just being good at investment, but, more importantly, avoiding most mistakes and flaws of investors, especially the inability to make long-term investment decisions based on business fundamentals. There are two common biases that have contributed to disastrous results experienced by many institutional and individual investors.

The first is institutional bias. Institutional investors are often constrained by obstacles such as: the performance pressures from short-term ranking, the compensation structure leading to too much risk, open-end funds' intrinsic inflow/outflow problem, and the frenzied atmosphere of the financial markets. As a result, institutional investors become enmeshed in a short-term relative-performance derby, in which temporary price fluctuations and the latest market fads become the dominant focus.

The second bias is behavioral bias. Emotions, especially greed and fear, have always driven investors to become their own worst enemies. When prices are generally rising, greedy investors become more optimistic about speculating by focusing on return while ignoring risk. On the other hand, when the market tumbles, the fear of loss causes investors to focus solely on the possibility of further price declines to the exclusion of business fundamentals.

Let us see how icapital.biz Bhd has overcome said two biases to achieve a superior performance.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 30 Issue 1 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-07-23 13:36 | Report Abuse

With a long-term investment approach, icapital.biz Bhd can always make absolute gains in the long term. We can confidently say Capital Dynamics has met icapital.biz Bhd's investment objective as stated in its Prospectus.

More importantly, the only way Capital Dynamics can be incentivised is to grow the NAV. Today, if the NAV of icapital.biz Bhd is still RM140 mln, Capital Dynamics would still be getting the same fees in terms of absolute amount compared with 13 years ago.

To evaluate whether the fund manager has followed icapital.biz Bhd's investment policy by investing in stocks of which the market value is significantly lower than the underlying business value, we look at the investments of icapital.biz Bhd.

We find icapital.biz Bhd's performance has mainly been the result of capital gains instead of dividends received from its underlying investments.

We also check whether the fund manager has made a good use of its cash to fulfil the investment policy's requirement on "defensive purposes or to enable it to take advantage of buying opportunities."

In contrast to the situation from 2006 to 2012, the cash level of icapital.biz Bhd has since been rising gradually, in response to a higher-risk, lower-return investment landscape.

Said change of cash level demonstrates that Capital Dynamics has treated cash as a call option with no expiry date, an option on every asset class, and with no strike price.

icapital.biz Bhd's performance is mainly driven by capital gains with dividends only contributing a minor part. We can therefore conclude that Capital Dynamics has followed the investment policy laid out in the Prospectus.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 30 Issue 1 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-07-16 10:40 | Report Abuse

As stated in Item 1.2 of the Prospectus, "The primary investment objective of capital. biz Bhd is long-term capital appreciation of its investments, whilst dividend and/or interest income from these investments would be of secondary consideration."

On investment policy, "icapital. biz Bhd will select companies where there is a disparity between the company's market price (in the case of listed securities) and selling price (in the case of unlisted securities) and underlying business values over the medium to long-term. icapital.biz Bhd may also invest in cash deposits and/or in short-term obligations in order to have funds available for general corporate purposes. It may also maintain such cash deposits for defensive purposes or to enable it to take advantage of buying opportunities."

Therefore, our analysis here will focus on three questions: has the fund manager achieved this investment objective? Has the fund manager's investment followed its investment policy? More importantly, if the fund manager has or has not delivered as promised, why is this so?


i Capital Newsletter Volume 30 Issue 1 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-07-09 13:47 | Report Abuse

Imagine having a community where you share common goals, values, and interests. A place for you to talk about any number of topics, from investment ideas to the latest market trends to confusing local and global politics to Japan's cruel plan to release radioactive water into the Pacific Ocean or to more light-hearted events like durian picnics or kopitiam hopping and the list goes on. Imagine building camaraderie with those you least expect, all because you are all capital. biz Berhad share owners. Enter the ICAP Fan Club.

Our research shows that the number of individual shareholdings has fallen. What started off as an impressive range of 98 to 100% from the years 2005 to 2010, has fallen to 90% in 2011 and steadily decreased to 76% by 2023. At the same time, the institutional shareholdings are growing year by year.

Hence, the launch of the proposed ICAP Fan Club.

We aim to provide a space for like-minded individual shareholders to convene, no matter your shareholdings are or if you are 18 or 90 years old. We aspire to create, promote, and sustain positive values through sound investing, nurturing a harmonious prosperous society, and working towards a sustainable environment. The ICAP Fan Club is greater than just money; it is a long-term effort to leave behind a near-ideal world for our future generations.

Preliminary details of the ICAP Fan Club are:
It will be registered as a Society under Jabatan Pendaftaran Pertubuhan Malaysia (JPPM), takes around 1-3 months to set up;
It will be governed by The Societies Act 1966;

The proposed ICAP Fan Club will be a National Level Society. Hence, 7 compulsory committee members, each from different state, are required:
President
Vice President
Secretary
Assistant Secretary
Treasurer
2 committee members

Proposed types of membership:
Ordinary membership (must own ICAP shares): carry rights to vote and hold position.
Associate, Honorary, Life-long memberships:
No right to vote and hold position.

The proposed ICAP Fan Club will provide a sense of belonging and emotional bond that we naturally crave as humans, and which have been lacking due to the pandemic these past few years. Through this fan club, ideas will be exchanged, knowledge and experience will be shared, and friendship will be formed.

Suggested activities include research visits to listed companies with Tan Teng Boo himself, casual fireside chats on various topics, and other recreational activities and trips and the list goes on.

Once you are a member, you will be entitled to an exclusive members-only online space where forums and discussions can be held. You will also receive priority tickets for all Capital Dynamics events, and purchase ICAP and Capital Dynamics products, except the funds, at discounted rates.

So, what are you waiting for? Join us in making history by registering your interest. Or you can join in our nationwide ICAP roadshows for more details. When formed, the ICAP Fan Club will be the first of its kind in Malaysia.


i Capital Newsletter Volume 34 Issue 43 (www.icapital.biz)

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2023-07-02 22:56 | Report Abuse

It is extremely important to revisit the investment objective and investment policy of icapital.biz Bhd, which should be the ONLY criteria one uses to evaluate a fund manager's performance.

i Capital Newsletter Volume 30 Issue 1 (www.icapital.biz)