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Global growth to slow but avoid a hard landing — OECD

Tan KW
Publish date: Wed, 29 Nov 2023, 07:18 PM
Tan KW
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PARIS The global economy will slow slightly next year but the risk of a hard landing has subsided despite high levels of debt and uncertainty over interest rates, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development said on Wednesday.

Global growth is set to moderate from 2.9% this year to 2.7% in 2024 before picking up in 2025 to 3.0%, the Paris-based policy forum said in its latest Economic Outlook.

Growth in advanced economies that make up the OECD's 38 members was seen headed for a soft landing with the US holding up better than expected so far.

The OECD forecast US growth would slow from 2.4% this year to 1.5% next year, revising up its estimates from September when it predicted US growth of 2.2% in 2023 and 1.3% in 2024.

Though the risk of a hard landing in the US and elsewhere had eased, the OECD said that the risk of recession was not off the table given weak housing markets, high oil prices and sluggish lending.

China's economy was also expected to slow as it grapples with a deflating real estate bubble and consumers save more in the face of greater uncertainty about the outlook.

Its growth was seen easing from 5.2% this year to 4.7% in 2024 - both marginally higher than expected in September - before slowing further in 2025 to 4.2%, the OECD forecast.

In the euro area, growth was seen picking up from 0.6% this year to 0.9% in 2024 and 1.1% in 2025 as Germany - the region's largest economy - emerged from a recession this year.

Nonetheless, the OECD warned that, because of the high level of bank financing in the euro zone, the full impact of interest rate hikes remained uncertain and could weigh more on growth than expected.

Meanwhile, Japan, the only major advanced economy yet to hike interest rates in the current cycle, was expected to see growth slow from 1.7% this year to 1.0% in 2024 before picking up to 1.2% in 2024.

While countries' growth outlooks were diverging, they shared similar fiscal pressures with debt burdens projected to keep rising for years to come in G7 countries, the OECD warned.

 


  - Reuters

 

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