annjoo is in down trend from both TA and FA. the high raw material cost (iron ore, scrap metal, coke coal) no longer can fetch higher ASP. meaning net profit margin going to be slowly reduce until Nil/-ve.
While there are many well-intentioned contents published on stock forums, some of them are simply based on writers' opinion and understanding may end up become inaccurate or mispresented, so to speak.
That being said, I do not wish to point fingers or lay blames to any parties, and I hope whatever I shared in this article could brighten up our reader’s mind.
To begin with, there are generally two types of steel industries player in Malaysia, namely the manufacturers and/or value add companies, and those who involved mainly in the trading and wholesaling business.
As for the value chain, the photo taken from Bulatlat had presented well on how it works.
Generally, Malaysia did not involve much in the iron ore mining industry, as our country’s mineral mining sector recorded a gross output value of MYR3.5 billion, out of which RM1.7 billion is attributable to bauxite and ilmenite mining (2016, Mining and Quarrying Economic Census).
While investors would generally refer “steel” prices on CNY-based rebar, which is the first search result one could find when you googled “steel prices”, flat steel and value-added products such as hot rolled coil and cold rolled coil data is relatively harder to be found. Hence, there are many misunderstood on the pricing – which is completely understandable especially for those who are new to the market. You could also see that the application of long steel such as rebar and flat steel are much different.
Understandably, the prices for “steel” are constantly fluctuating alongside with supply and demand.
While many could argue that “steel” prices had went down from its high, the value of construction work done alone in 2022 Q1 in Malaysia had amounted to RM29.5 billion – steel, being one of the key construction materials, is poised to see an increase of demand, and at the current juncture, it is still considerably profitable for steel players in Malaysia.
For manufacturers in Malaysia, they are generally applying to a costs-plus model in terms of factoring their prices. In other words, as long as the management had been keeping a close eye on steel prices and manage their inventories well, the company should remain buoyant against the price fluctuation headwinds, while preparing rigorously for the next upcycle.
For number crunchers, we need to relook at the term “Revenue” , which obviously was made up of 2 aspects for steel companies, namely the volume supplied and selling price of the products.
In weaker steel prices time, the manufacturer or trader could rack up their volume to cover up fixed costs as well as enhance their margins, and during the steel upcycle, they could enjoy both at once. It all comes down to how well the company was managed, especially on the inventory level.
Speaking of which – inventories could make a difference on the profit and loss statement, but for obvious reasons it would depend on when the goods were sold. Do bear in mind, that these inventories are not like your properties, which one could revalue to inflate its bottom line, but instead, it needs to be sold then only its bottom line can be concluded which is always tied back to the timing of sales.
Of course, for slow moving inventories and those inventories which are below its net realisable value, the steel manufacturers and/or traders may even need to impair or setting up an allowance for impairment on the books!
Therefore, I was amazed when investors are touting the idea of steel companies inflating their numbers by not doing anything on their inventories.
However, for investors, it is always about the return on investment. We all know that the stock market generally had a 6-12 months forward nature in pricing and valuation, and that would very well explain the current valuation of the steel companies. Coupled with hampered investors sentiment, there you go, low single digit PE steel companies.
It is wise for investors to normalize the company profit, and to certain extent – try to wait out for a low for companies who managed their cash flow well.
Oh! Speaking of which, cash flow and debt is another commonly debated issue in the steel industry.
I think many investors may understand the basics of working capital, but not the concept of trade financing. You see, in a capital-intensive business, it is sometimes cheaper to raise a super short-term borrowing of 30 to 120 days in order to secure customers and better margins.
This is common that steel industry, or commodities related companies on Bursa had over a great deal of their debt in short-term trade financing, which is lower in financing costs, as it was prorated.
It is just sad to see that investors are injudiciously and blatantly claiming that steel makers would raise borrowings just to pay dividends to attract investors. Dividends are generally approved by the board members while for final dividends, shareholders’ approval need to be sought. The board members which also consists of independent directors must have closely monitor the cash flow of the company before approving it.
So much for saying debt-for-dividend.
I think investors need to be fair in justifying the profit and loss, as well as cash flow movement of any steel companies in Malaysia before crowning an undervalued or overvalued statement over them. It is simply irresponsible.
Remember, what is undervalued now can be overvalued in 6-12 months’ time, and vice-versa.
Hari pertama lawatan industri di Pulau Pinang, kita mulakan dengan lawatan ke Kilang Ann Joo Steel Berhad.
Ann Joo yang dahulunya dikenali sebagai Malayawata Steel Berhad, mula beroperasi sejak 1967, antara kilang keluli terawal dan paling lama di Malaysia. Kini, mereka merupakan antara pengeluar bilet dan produk besi utama di negara.
Kilang ini memperkukuhkan pendekatan berteraskan elemen Persekitaran, Sosial dan Tadbir Urus (ESG) dalam aspek ekonomi sejajar dengan agenda kelestarian dan pertumbuhan hijau. Hibrid proses menggabungkan besi yang telah digunakan (besi buruk) dan besi baharu untuk menghasilkan besi yang boleh digunakan semula.
Saya faham bahawa industri besi dan keluli di Malaysia telah melalui tempoh yang sukar semasa wabak COVID-19. Saya memuji industri atas ketabahan anda dalam mengharungi cabaran dan komitmen untuk memastikan perniagaan terus berkembang maju, sekaligus mencipta peluang pekerjaan untuk rakyat.
Malaysia steel continue loss making, elevated cost input and weak demand.
China now on expansion mode to increase steel capacity to match local demand therefore unlikely to repeat historical steel price now. China is now in better control to curb inflation rate due to commodity price hike
This book is the result of the author's many years of experience and observation throughout his 26 years in the stockbroking industry. It was written for general public to learn to invest based on facts and not on fantasies or hearsay....
Posted by yong1985cm > 2022-05-13 14:47 | Report Abuse
y today dropped so much?